Emotion and learning have been viewed largely as separate entities, often with the role of emotions in learning (e.g. anxiety) as hindering. However, recent research has pointed to the interdependence between emotions and learning, suggesting that emotions are important, and perhaps even central to the cognitive learning process. Biologically, emotions are powerful motivators of learning because they activate brain mechanisms (e.g amygdala) that originally evolved to manage our basic survival. When reflecting on past educational experiences, the best teacher most quickly recalled is usually one with whom an emotional bond existed. To maximize student understanding and transfer of educational experiences into real-world skills and careers, medical educators must find ways to leverage the emotional aspects of learning by:

For more information, please review these references:

  1. Pessoa, L (2009). Cognition and emotion. Scholarpedia, 4(1):4567. 
  1. Immordino-Yang, MH (2018). Emotions, Learning & the Brain: Exploring the Educational Implications of Affective Neuroscience. ISBN-13: 978-0393709810.
  1. Tiberius R.G., Sinai J., Flak E.A. (2002) The Role of Teacher-Learner Relationships in Medical Education. In: Norman G.R. et al. (eds) International Handbook of Research in Medical Education. Springer International Handbooks of Education, vol 7. Springer, Dordrecht.
  1. Guillemin M, Gillam L., 2015. Emotions, Narratives, and Ethical Mindfulness. Academic Medicine 90(6): 726-31.


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Author BIO:

Mark Terrell, Ed.D. is Professor of Anatomy, Assistant Dean for Medical Education, Institutional Director of Faculty Development, and Program Director for the Master of Science in Medical Education and PhD in Anatomy Education Programs at the Lake Erie College of Osteopathic Medicine. Mark’s areas of professional interest include the scholarship of teaching and learning, educational research, anatomy education, and curriculum development. Mark can be reached via This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..