Emotion and learning have been viewed largely as separate entities, often with the role of emotions in learning (e.g. anxiety) as hindering. However, recent research has pointed to the interdependence between emotions and learning, suggesting that emotions are important, and perhaps even central to the cognitive learning process. Biologically, emotions are powerful motivators of learning because they activate brain mechanisms (e.g amygdala) that originally evolved to manage our basic survival. When reflecting on past educational experiences, the best teacher most quickly recalled is usually one with whom an emotional bond existed. To maximize student understanding and transfer of educational experiences into real-world skills and careers, medical educators must find ways to leverage the emotional aspects of learning by:
- Designing informational stimuli of content in ways that increase emotion to boost amygdala activity (e.g. add evoking personal stories, videos, or visuals)
- Understanding that meaningful thinking and learning are inherently emotional, because we only think deeply about things we care about
- Realizing that teacher-learner relationships have an enormous impact on the quality of education, where half of the variance in the effectiveness of teaching can be explained by this relationship
- Paralleling the physician-patient relationship to the interpersonal relationship between teachers and learners
- Recognizing that emotions have a legitimate role in medical education and much more research is needed
For more information, please review these references:
- Pessoa, L (2009). Cognition and emotion. Scholarpedia, 4(1):4567.
- Immordino-Yang, MH (2018). Emotions, Learning & the Brain: Exploring the Educational Implications of Affective Neuroscience. ISBN-13: 978-0393709810.
- Tiberius R.G., Sinai J., Flak E.A. (2002) The Role of Teacher-Learner Relationships in Medical Education. In: Norman G.R. et al. (eds) International Handbook of Research in Medical Education. Springer International Handbooks of Education, vol 7. Springer, Dordrecht.
- Guillemin M, Gillam L., 2015. Emotions, Narratives, and Ethical Mindfulness. Academic Medicine 90(6): 726-31.
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